Jaldhaka Upazila (nilphamari district) area 303.52 sq km, located in between 25°57′ and 26°07′ north latitudes and in between 88°50′ and 89°07′ east longitudes. It is bounded by dimla upazila on the north, kishoreganj (nilphamari) upazila on the south, hatibandha and kaliganj (lalmonirhat) upazilas on the east, nilphamari sadar and domar upazilas on the west.
Population Total 274736; male 141715, female 133021; Muslim 217944, Hindu 56480, Buddhist 38, Christian 113 and others 361.
Administration Jaldhaka Thana was formed in 1911 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.
|Municipality||Union||Mouza||Village||Population||Density (per sq km)||Literacy rate (%)|
(per sq km)
|Literacy rate (%)|
|Name of union and GO code||Area (acre)||Population||Literacy rate (%)|
Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
Archaeological heritage and relics Garh (fort) of Raja Dharmapal (Dharmapal union), ritual Pot of Raja Harishchandra (Khutamara union), Bhimer Dhap in Golna union.
History of the War of Liberation The Pak army established a camp at the Jaldhaka High School in 1971; they used to capture innocent persons from the nearby locality with the help of the local razakars and brutally killed them.
Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 2 (Kaliganj, and at the backyard of Jaldhaka High School).
Religious institutions Mosque 317, tomb 2, temple 25, sacred place 1.
Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 33.0%; male 38.9%, female 26.8%. Noted educational institutions: Jaldhaka Degree College (1972), Rabeya Chowdhury Women’s Degree College (1994), Jaldhaka Business Management Institute (1995), Jaldhaka Pilot High School (1917), Shimulbari SC High School, Jaldhaka Model Government Primary School (1940), Golmunda Fazil Madrasa (1919).
Newspapers and periodicals Weekly: Jalkatha, Jaltaranga.
Cultural organisations Library 2, club 19, theatre group 2, theatre stage 1, women’s organisation 64, playground 45, music academy 2.
Main sources of income Agriculture 80.15%, non-agricultural labourer 2.54%, commerce 8.38%, transport and communication 2.06%, service 3.05%, construction 0.52%, religious service 0.15%, rent and remittance 0.10% and others 3.05%.
Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 60.09%, landless 39.91%; agricultural landowner: urban 67.04% and rural 59.67%.
Main crops Paddy, tobacco, wheat, potato, jute, maize, vegetables.
Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, linseed, china, barley, kaun, sweet potato, arahar, karpas cotton.
Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, black berry, banana, papaya, litchi.
Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 2440, dairy 28, poultry 12, nursery 35.
Communication facilities Pucca road 554 km, semi-pucca road 20 km, mud road 400 km.
Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.
Noted manufactories Rice mill, flour mill, ice factory, saw mill, cold storage, welding factory.
Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, weaving, bamboo work and wood work.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 85, fairs 3, most noted of which are Jaldhaka, Mirganj and Kaimari Hats; Tatua Mela and Balagram Chandihati Mela.
Main exports Tobacco, maize, vegetables.
Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 8.02% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.
Sources of drinking water Tube-well 85.55%, tap 0.36%, pond 0.49% and others 13.60%.
Sanitation 12.21% (rural 10.71% and urban 37.16%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 22.88% (rural 23.01% and urban 20.65%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 64.91% of households do not have latrine facilities.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 10, satellite clinic 3, leprosy treatment centre 1.
Natural disasters Many people of the upazila were victims of the great famine of 1943. Besides, the flood of 1998 caused heavy damages to settlements, lovestock, crops and other properties of the upazila.
References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Jaldhaka Upazila 2007.
in addition to
Girls’ home in Nilphamari-Chadmoni
The founders deserve special recognition
A silent revolution it is indeed. The report on the national page of The Jaldhaka news on Thursday last about an elderly couple’s lone campaign against illiteracy, dowry and early marriage in a far-flung village in Nilphamari district must get a special
mention. Because it is not always that we get to hear about such noteworthy efforts by common people. An elderly couple, Pizirul Alam and his wife Motahara Alam who have been running a children’s home, ‘Chadmoni’, in Charoadangi village for the destitute girls deserve more than just token appreciation. For they have single handedly taken up a responsibility that has already brought in a highly positive social change. Without waiting for any external help, this childless couple set up this home in 1999 in their own village and worked relentlessly to make their dream come true.
They travelled from village to village trying to convince the poor parents of girls and motivate them about the strength those girls possessed that needed to be tapped. Their determination to make their dream a reality is not only praiseworthy, but also a lesson for others to learn. Providing facilities to a group of poor unprivileged girls to become educated and self reliant at the same time will bring the much needed change in attitudes, today or tomorrow. In fact it is already showing the signs of a better future for the girls, as the report mentioned. Apparently incidents of early marriage and dowry have remarkably decreased in the villages after the awareness campaign by the founders of Chadmoni.
Not surprisingly, the girls in the home and their parents only have praises for this couple. So do the local civil society. Pizirul Alam and his wife have shown us that one only needs to have the will and sincerity to fulfil his/her dreams, especially dreams like this that benefit the society more than the individuals. They have also made us realise that it’s time we got up and did our own little bit to change the society’s attitude towards the female population. We join voices with Pizirul Alam in saying that an educated girl is an asset, not a liability.